Hi.
I would be grateful if you expert teachers could help me in teaching where and which as relative pronouns in relative clauses.

I cannot explain when we should use which or where as a relative pronoun for places.

Ex. Boulder ,which is at the foothills of the Rocky mountain, is a small city with population of about 90,000 people.

I cannot explain why which should be used instead of where as a relative pronoun of a place.

I myself feel at ease while I am using them. but I find it difficult to make my students understood. My explanation is that, we use which because it is the subject of adjectival clause. Am I right? Is there any better way to explain this?

Thanks for your time and help
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hrsaneiMy explanation is that, we use which because it is the subject of adjectival clause. Am I right? Is there any better way to explain this?
You are right. The relative pronouns which, that and who can act as the subject of a relative clause whereas where can't.

This is Boulder, which is a small town.

This is Boulder, in which he lives.

This is Boulder, where he lives.

CB
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Thank you very much Cool Breeze.
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I was looking for an answer about the same question thank you for your explanations . But I saw a sentence in a gramlar book " We stayed at the park hotel ,which a friend of mine had recommended" Which is not the subject ofadjective clause here, I think . How do you explain this? Thank you in advence.
AnonymousI was looking for an answer about the same question thank you for your explanations . But I saw a sentence in a gramlar book " We stayed at the park hotel ,which a friend of mine had recommended" Which is not the subject ofadjective clause here, I think . How do you explain this? Thank you in advence.
Which is the direct object of the verb had recommended.
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AnonymousWe stayed at the park hotel ,which a friend of mine had recommended
'where' can't replace an object either. A friend of mine had recommended it (the Park Hotel).

CJ
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Hi,
Related but irrelevant to the original question, in the sentence "We stayed at the park hotel, which a friend of mine had recommended" , my impression is that, if we remove the name of the hotel, "park", we are changing the relative clause from "non- defining" to the "defining" one, so we could say;

We stayed at the hotel (which) a friend of mine had recommended.

Let me know if I am wrong.
Thank you
Hamid
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hrsaneiif we remove the name of the hotel, "park", we are changing the relative clause from "non- defining" to the "defining" one
Correct. After thinking about it, I believe it's the name of a specific hotel, so it should be the Park Hotel. It's not often you have a non-defining clause after a proper noun.

CJ
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