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The early farmers counted 12 moon cycles from spring to spring when they planted crops. They made this 12-moon cycle into one year, which led to a 354-day lunar calender.

What does the line in bold indicate, especially counted? Thanks.
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I can't think of a way to make it much easier. They measured their year (from one spring to the next) by counting 12 complete phases of the moon (from full moon to full moon).
Thanks, Mister, for your interpretation.

In the interests of truth, does it mean "The early farmers learned/knew there were 12 moon cycles by counting?"
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They simply counted.

Plant the field.

One full moon.

Two full moons.

Three full moons.

.

.

.

Twelve full moons. Time to plant again.
First they learned it; then they knew it. By this time they had known it for a long time, and were just counting the moons, like you count the days until the weekend.
Thanks, GG and Mister, for your help.

I get it now.
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AngliholicThe early farmers counted 12 moon cycles from spring to spring when they planted crops. They made this 12-moon cycle into one year, which led to a 354-day lunar calender.
Hi Angliholic

It should be calendar.
What does the line in bold indicate ... ?

The early farmers noticed that the moon went through its phases 12 times between one spring planting season and the next.

CJ
CalifJim
What does the line in bold indicate ... ?
The early farmers noticed that the moon went through its phases 12 times between one spring planting season and the next.

CJ

Thanks, Jim, for the clear equivalent.

Got it.

By the way, in the interests of truth, I also notice that you use phases intead of cycles. Are they synonyms as well as period?
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