The simple tenses are called simple because they show only the action described the verb with respect to a single time reference.
These tenses are contrasted with the progressive tenses which show continuous action over an interval of time and the perfect tenses which refer to a second relative point in time.
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guzhao67what's the meaning of "simple"?plain -- just one word -- unadorned by any grammatical machinery for creating the progressive or perfect aspects or the passive voice. It's a way of having a term that fits into the following paradigm.
progressive perfect progressive
passive passive perfect
passive progressive passive perfect progressive
Both the term present and the term past can precede any of the eight designators above.
The word continuous can substitute for the word progressive. They both mean the same thing.
Without the term simple, one item in the paradigm would have no name!
Thanks for the more detailed explanation. It's only a name, unadorned, plain and simple.
I do have a follow-up question - I thought that active/passive related to the dimension of "voice" rather than tense. Are the passive forms recognized as their own tenses? I had the impression that "tense" was only a temporal dimension, not the transitivity and subject / object inversion.
What about "mood" - such as subjunctive, conditional, etc. How does mood fit with the paradigms of tense and voice?
It doesn't mean "easy". It doesn't mean "mere" neither. It doesn't mean "plain", not by any means.
Although it is "the simplest form of putting a verb in action", it doesn't mean it is "opposite to compound".
See what I mean.
I buy that car.
I do buy that car.
Do I not buy that car?
Should I buy that car?
I f I did buy that car, I would buy gasoline too.
That car is bought by me.
Wasn't that car bought by me?
All of the above are some examples of "Simple Forms".
People are waiting to help.
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