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Can you help me to see the difference in usage for the two word/phrases, "the same" and "same"?

I almost always see the "the" accompanying the word "same" as it is being used in writings. Do you always have to place the "the" w/ that word? I think not, but can you give me some good examples?

Another Q: how can you write the underlined words as to reflect the intended meaning more accurately?
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Hi,

Yes. It should be preceded by 'the'.

However, in informal spoken English it often isn't. eg He passed the exam, same as me.

the two word/phrases A phrase is a small group of words. It's acceptable here to just say 'two phrases'. Or you could say 'two terms'.

Best wishes, Clive
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Thank you.

So, if I see a sentence without the "the" in formal writing, then I am seeing a sentence that is incorrect?

eg,

Yes, they are same.
Hi,

So, if I see a sentence without the "the" in formal writing, then I am seeing a sentence that is incorrect? Yes, although I don't like to speak in absolute terms. You can always find special cases, eg

The two brothers have the same hair, same eyes and same nose. The first 'the' is explicit, the two others are implicit. But this kind of thing is a special case.

eg, Yes, they are same. Definitely incorrect.

Best wishes, Clive