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Hi teachers,

According to the 2005 California Healthy Kids Survey, seventh-graders in the state are 50 percent more likely to be harassed in school because of sexual orientation or gender identity than those in 11th grade. That finding is representative of schools across the country, said Stephen Russell.

1. Does "the state" mean "California?

2. Does "the country" mean "U.S."?

3. When do you use "state" to represent "U.S"? I heard one of my classmate say "I was born in the state(s)" I'm not sure if it's "state" or "states".

Thanks

Tinanam
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Hi,

According to the 2005 California Healthy Kids Survey, seventh-graders in the state are 50 percent more likely to be harassed in school because of sexual orientation or gender identity than those in 11th grade. That finding is representative of schools across the country, said Stephen Russell.

1. Does "the state" mean "California? Yes

2. Does "the country" mean "U.S."? Yes

3. When do you use "state" to represent "U.S"? I heard one of my classmate say "I was born in the state(s)" I'm not sure if it's "state" or "states".

Americans commonly refer to their country as eg 'I was born in the States'.

It's not idiomatic for them to refer to America as 'a state'.

Clive
Comments  
1. Yes

2. Yes

3. In general conversation, if someone refers to, "The States," they are referring to the U.S.. It is simply a shortened way of saying, "The United States." If they say, "the state," without the s on the end, then they are most likely referring to either the state they are in now, or whatever state they most recently referred to (such as in your example above).

I hope this helps.

-S
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 Clive's reply was promoted to an answer.
Hi Clive,

Thank you for your help.

Have a wonderful day.

Tinanam
CliveAmericans commonly refer to their country as eg 'I was born in the States'.
Clive,

It's been my experience as an American that I almost never refer to "the States" while I'm actually in the country (in fact it feels odd to do so) but I frequently mention "the States" when I'm outside the country. Have you noticed that tendency among the Americans you encounter?

Regards,

MalRey
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Hi,

Probably, yes.

Clive