+0
First part:

Should I put it or them for the underlined part? I got this dialogue from a post in this forum.

A: I am hungry, did you bring any lunch?

B: I made some and brought it or them ????? as well.

Second part:

Is putting no artlcles permissable under these sentential cases?

You are Canadian. (not a Canadian?)

He is Canadian. (not a Canadian?)

Third part:

Which one is correct?

... will send them by the e-mail.

... will send them by e-mail.
Comments  
Hello

"Lunch" can be countable as well as uncountable. When I was young, I usually brought two lunches with me so that for such a case we might say "he brought them from home". But otherwise (i.e., "brought a lunch" or "brought lunch"), "it" is appropriate for its pronoun.

You can say both "He is a Canadian" and "He is Canadian". If you say "a Canadian" we take it that you are using "Canadian" as a noun and if you say simply "Canadian", we take it that you are using it as an adjective.

"By e-mail" should always be "by e-mail", not "by the e-mail".

paco
Thank you very much.

If in the sentence "He is Canadian", the "Canadian" can assume the roles of both a noun and adjective. How about the words below? Can they assume the two grammatical functions too?

1) He is Hinduist.

He is a Hinduist.

2) He is bank teller.

He is a bank teller.
Students: Are you brave enough to let our tutors analyse your pronunciation?
I haven't found "hinduist" in the Cambridge online. It does appear in Google, both as an adjective and as a noun, so I guess you can use both, as Paco explained.

As far as jobs are concerned, you need the "a" before the name of the job: "he's a bank teller".
"He is a Hindu" is the commonest phrase.

paco
Thank you.

Sometimes I have hard time being able to differentiate if a word can be an adjective on a sentence or a noun in a sentence. Do you have any tips for me to help me to make that distinction more clearly.

This case it is acting as an adjective too. Mr. Clive used this phrase.

Assuming you are male ...
Site Hint: Check out our list of pronunciation videos.
Hi,

Assuming you are male ... here, the absence of an article signals that 'male' is an adjective.

Please permit me to comment on your use of Mr. Clive. I understand that you are using this title to show respect, and I appreciate that. However, in Western and N. American culture, such titles are not used in this way. We respect each other equally, and show it in more indirect ways, such as saying 'please' and 'thank you', and stating our opinions or correcting or disagreeing in a friendly and non-aggressive manner. So, please call me or refer to me as . . . .

Clive
Hi,

I'd like to add another brief comment on the subject of Mr.

Clive is a first name. Titles are not normally used with first names, so that's why I wrote what I did.

On the other hand, Mr. is normally used with last names. That's why the title Mr. is OK with names like Mr. Micawber and Mr. Pedantic. Micawber and Pedantic are considered last names.

Best wishes again, Clive
Believer,

Could you please find different titles for your questions? We have 3 threads named "three questions", so it's not always easy for us to see which we have answered... Thanks!
Students: We have free audio pronunciation exercises.