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Hi!

I read the following in a TOEIC book:

“Since its inception, the bank has lent $28 billion: ______, its membership has grown to include 16 regional countries.

A. thus

B. on the whole

C. in addition

D. nevertheless

(Answer: C)” ((Longman Preparation Series for the New TOEIC Test, Advanced Course, 4th Edition, p. 136))

Do you agree with the above that C is the ONLY correct answer?

What about A? Isn’t there any possibility that A is correct?

Thanks in advance.
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NiueWhat about A? Isn’t there any possibility that A is correct?
No. Not really. thus means in this way or because of this. In other words, in this example, it means

[By lending / Because they lent] $28 billion, its membership has grown to ... 16 ... countries.

There is nothing about lending a certain amount of money that implies a growth in membership to 16 countries. The bank could have lent the same amount of money without any growth in membership. The fact that the bank's membership grew is an independent fact in addition to the fact concerning the amount lent.

CJ
Comments  
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You should use process of elimination to determine that answer choice C is the best answer. Answer choice D can flatly be eliminated. You cannot contrast the first part of a sentence with the second part if you’re going to use a colon. Answer choice B can be eliminated because “on the whole” is just wordy and sounds awkward. For example, all the other answer choices are much shorter in length. After eliminating answer choices B and D, you’re down to answer choices A and C. Answer choice A seems like the logical answer because it sounds "more right"; however, you can think of “thus” as a coordinating conjunction in this case--you shouldn’t use coordinating conjunctions immediately following a colon. So, with that, you can eliminate answer choice A, leaving you with answer choice C.

I hope that helps!
Im interested on having the answers of that book. I will appreciate if you send them Email Removed
Thank you