"Marginally warmer temperatures in lower regions on Friday gave emergency services reasons to hope for respite."

(The Guardian.)

Is "to hope" a verb or prepositional phrase in the sentence above?


verb (infinitive)



"To hope for" is an infinitive, a verb, which is part of an infinitive phrase - "to hope for respite" (respite is the direct object of the infinitive) - functioning as an adjective. Rearranging the sentence allows one to see this better: "Marginally warmer...gave emergency service [to hope for respite] reasons."

Here's an analysis of the sentence:

Marginally [in lower regions] [on Friday] warmer temperatures gave (to) emergency services [to hope for respite] reasons.

One can see from this that [Marginally], [in lower regions], and [on Friday] are adverbs modifying [warmer]. [Warmer] is an adjective modifying [temperatures], which is the subject of the sentence. [Gave] is the verb. [(To) emergency services] is the indirect object of the verb. [ [To hope for respite] reasons] is the direct object of the verb.

Students: We have free audio pronunciation exercises.

Thank you for the reply.

 CalifJim's reply was promoted to an answer.