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can anyone explain to me the difference between transitive and intransitive verbs and how they can be used?
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Hi,

No, Tom and Mary are the subjects, as you said earlier.

In a sentence like 'Mary smiled', there is no object. I wanted you to realize that.

Now let's look again at some examples, and go back to your original question.

Mary cooked dinner. This sentence has a subject, a verb and an object. A verb that has an objcet is called a transitive verb.

Mary smiled. This sentence has a subject, a verb, and no object. A verb with no object is called an intransitive verb.

Here is a way you might remember the meaning. The prefix 'trans' means 'across'. Thats why a word like 'transport' means that we take things or people 'from one place across to another place'.

Transitive verb - the action goes across from the subject to the object.

Intransitive verb - the action does not go across, because there is no object.

In English, some verbs are transiive and some are intransitive. You just have to learn that about each new verb you find. Some verbs can work both ways, depending on how you use them.

All this is a very basic answer to your original queston. It can get more complicated, for example concerning direct and indirect objects, but let's leave that for some other time.

Do you have any questons about what I have told you?

Clive
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Comments  
Hi,

First, do you understand the grammar terms 'subject' and 'object'?

Clive
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I don't understand.i should be greatful if u explain to me
No,i dont understand.I should be greatful if you can explain to me
Hi,

Let's discuss it in basic terms.

The subject performs the action. The object 'receives" the action.

eg Mary cooked dinner.

Mary performed tha action of cooking. The dinner received the action of cooking.

OK so far? Any questions?

What is the subject and what is the object in each of these sentences?

Mary kissed Tom.

Tom broke the cup.

Mary phoned her mother.

Clive
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Mary kissed Tom.
Mary is the subject and Tom is the object.

Tom broke the cup.
Tom is the subject and the cup is the object.

Mary phoned her mother.
Mary is the subject and her mother is the object

Now, i understood what is the subject and what is the object.

willy.
Hi,

Very good.Emotion: smile

Now try these sentences.

Tom died.

Mary smiled.

Clive
Tom died.
Tom is the subject and died is a verb "die"

Mary smiled.
Mary is the subject and smiled is a verb "smile"

willy
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Hi,

Yes. But where is the object? Emotion: smile

Clive
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