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Can I write this sentence "Trump exits press conference after being challenged by female reporters" like these ways:

1. Trump exits press conference after female reporters challenging him.

2. Trump exits press conference after he is challenged by female reporters.

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Can I write this sentence "Trump exits press conference after being challenged by female reporters" like these ways:

1. Trump exits press conference after female reporters challenge challenging him.

2. Trump exits press conference after he is challenged by female reporters. OK

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Hasibrahman

"Trump exits press conference after being challenged by female reporters" ...

1. Trump exits press conference after female reporters challenging him.

2. Trump exits press conference after he is challenged by female reporters.

It seems you asked almost the same question yesterday.

Is done to being done


after female reporters challenging him NO

This construction consists of "after", an explicit subject "female reporters", a present participle "challenging", and the rest of the clause "him".

You can't use an explicit subject (a stated subject) there.

With the subordinators below (or prepositions if you wish to call them that), if you want to use a present participle, you must go directly from the subordinator to the present participle without stating a subject. They are listed more or less in order of most frequently used to least frequently used with present participles.

when, after, before, while, since, until, if, unless, although

when writing a novel OK
when a student writing a novel NO
when a student writes a novel OK

before considering a change in routine OK
before the committee considering a change in routine NO
before the committee considers a change in routine OK

since winning the game OK
since the team winning the game NO
since the team won the game OK

CJ

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Comments  
I just wanted to make this passive sentence "Trump exits press conference after being challenged by female reporters" active. That's why I changed "being challenged to challenging" Don't you think "being challenged" is a gerund?
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Hasibrahman I just wanted to make this passive sentence "Trump exits press conference after being challenged by female reporters" active. That's why I changed "being challenged to challenging"

Trump exits press conference after being challenged by female reporters.

You can't change the 'after' clause from passive to active because the subject of that clause has to be implicitly the subject of the main clause, which is "Trump" in the active sentence. So to do that in the passive, you have to change the subject of the main clause to "female reporters".

Female reporters ... (did something) ... after challenging Trump.

But that leaves out the fact that Trump exited the press conference. I don't see how you're going to get that into the sentence. Maybe you can say they watched him leave.

Female reporters watched Trump exit the press conference after challenging him.

I think you're trying to make things more complicated than necessary in this example. Not everything can easily be changed from active to passive or passive to active, and there is no need to do that here.

CJ

Thanks CJ 💖. This is my last thing to ask - Can I say then these:

1. Trump exits press conference after challenging female reporters. (Active)

2. Trump exits press conference after he is challenged by female reporters.

Hasibrahman

1. Trump exits press conference after challenging female reporters. (Active)

2. Trump exits press conference after he is challenged by female reporters.

Yes. Note that the meaning is different however.

In 1 Trump challenges the reporters.
In 2 the reporters challenge Trump.

(We when form the passive of an active sentence, we normally do that with the intention of keeping the meaning the same.)

CJ

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I can't make that sentence into active. It's so tough. Is there anyway I can make it active without changing the meaning?
HasibrahmanI can't make that sentence into active.

The first sentence is already active, so that means you want to make the second sentence active. Is that what you want to do?

(2. Trump exits press conference after he is challenged by female reporters.
> Trump exits press conference after female reporters challenge him.

[Clive already gave you this one above.] )

CJ

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