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Hello Everyone,

I made this below sentence just for understanding purpose. II want to clear a grammatical concept. Can someone please help me here.

1) Jefferson, a young writer who claimed to be divinely inspired, turned the focus of English poetry in 1970 by writing hundreds of poetries on God and establishing a world renowned school of poetry.

Is the above sentence correct if I want to convey the below meaning:

He turned the focus by writing hundreds of poetries and (by) establishing a school.

In this 2nd sentence below sentence I want to convey a different meaning by a little change. The meaning is:

turned the focus by writing poems and (he) established a world renowned school. ( he didn’t turn the focus by establishing school)
My confusion here is that if I want to convey this meaning, Is the below sentence correct.

2) Jefferson, a young writer who claimed to be divinely inspired, turned the focus of English poetry in 1970 by writing hundreds of poetries on God and established a world renowned school of poetry.

I am having difficulties in distinguishing between these kind of sentences where I’ve to relate ( the parallelism of ) the verbs - “turned” , “established” ,"writing" and “establishing”.

Are there any grammatical rule or construction that I should be aware of so that I can be sure that verb “established” is parallel to “returned” or verb “establishing” is parallel to “writing”.

Or is it just by inferring the meaning that the sentence wants to convey, I should be able to relate the parallel verbs.

Thank You.
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If there are 2 different ideas - "turning the focus" and "establishing a school," the best thing to do is write 2 separate sentences.
The second way is to change the order, avoiding the confusion with the preposition "by." The 2 parallel verbs need to be positioned as close to each other as possible without intervening phrases.

Jefferson, a young writer who claimed to be divinely inspired, established a world renowned school of poetry and turned the focus of English poetry in 1970 by writing hundreds of poems on God.
It is not a question of grammar, but a question of style.