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Dear teachers,
Could you please help me use "until now" correctly.Can I write as below?:

Situation: Mr.A lives in the USA, but his father and mother live in Viertnam. Mr.A wanted to come back to Vietnam to visit his parents, but he had not enough money to do that.Therefore, he had to save money for his trip back to Vietnam.He has been saving money for nearly three years and now he has enough money to realize his dream of flying to Vietnam to visit his parents.

Today when Mr.A meets his parents at their home in Vietnam he says:

" Dear parents, I was supposed to come back here to visit you a long time ago, but I couldn't because I did not have enough money then. Therefore, until today, I had been unable to visit you.Don't be angry with me."

" Dear parents, I was supposed to come back here to visit you a long time ago, but I couldn't because I did not have enough money then. Therefore, until today, I was unable to visit you.Don't be angry with me."

By the way, please help correct the whole paragrahp of the situation above

Thank you in advance
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Hi,

Situation: Mr.A lives in the USA, but his father and mother live in Viertnam. Mr.A wanted to come back to Vietnam to visit his parents, but he had not enough money to do that.Therefore, he had to save money for his trip back to Vietnam. He has been saving money for nearly three years and now he has enough money to realize his dream of flying to Vietnam to visit his parents.

Today when Mr.A meets his parents at their home in Vietnam he says:

" Dear parents, I was supposed to come back here to visit you a long time ago, but I couldn't because I did not have enough money then. Therefore, until today, I had been unable to visit you.Don't be angry with me."The time reference is 'the period up to now', so don't use Past Perfect. You could use Present Perfect, ie until today, I have been unable to visit you . . .

" Dear parents, I was supposed to come back here to visit you a long time ago, but I couldn't because I did not have enough money then. Therefore, until today, I was unable to visit you.Don't be angry with me."

Both are possible, but I prefer Present Perfect.

Best wishes,Clive
Thank you Clive very much ,but I still don;t understand exactly what you mean.Do you mean "until today, I had been unable to visit ", "until today, I have been unable to visit you " and"until today, I was unable to visit you" are all correct ?

How about this paragraph?is it ok ? :

Situation: Mr.A lives in the USA, but his father and mother live in Viertnam. Mr.A wanted to come back to Vietnam to visit his parents, but he had not enough money to do that.Therefore, he had to save money for his trip back to Vietnam. He has been saving money for nearly three years and now he has enough money to realize his dream of flying to Vietnam to visit his parents.

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Hi,
Thank you Clive very much ,but I still don;t understand exactly what you mean.Do you mean "until today, I had been unable to visit ", "until today, I have been unable to visit you " and"until today, I was unable to visit you" are all correct ? No, just the last two.

How about this paragraph?is it ok ? : Yes

Situation: Mr.A lives in the USA, but his father and mother live in Viertnam. Mr.A wanted to come back to Vietnam to visit his parents, but he had not enough money to do that.Therefore, he had to save money for his trip back to Vietnam. He has been saving money for nearly three years and now he has enough money to realize his dream of flying to Vietnam to visit his parents.

Clive
Thank you Clivevery much
Hi teacherClive,
I wonder whther "until today, I have been unable to visit you . . ." has a different meaning from ""until today, I was unable to visit you"
I think"until today, I have been unable to visit you " means" in the past I was not able to visit you:and now I still haven't been able to visit you while "until today, I was unable to visit you"means" in the past I was not able to visit you but now I am able to visit you"

I haven't received any letters from her until now (=now I still haven't received any letters from her)

So do you think in this context "until today, I had been unable to visit /I was unable to visit you" is correct, not until today, I have been unable to visit you ?
I am confused about this .Please explain
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Hi,

I wonder whther "until today, I have been unable to visit you . . ." has a different meaning from ""until today, I was unable to visit you"
I think"until today, I have been unable to visit you " means" in the past I was not able to visit you:and now I still haven't been able to visit you It could mean that, yet 'until today' suggest that the situation has changed at the time of speaking.

while "until today, I was unable to visit you"means" in the past I was not able to visit you but now I am able to visit you"

I find both these statements rather ambiguous. If it was inportant to find out the exact meaning, I'd ask further questions for clarification. However, the context will normally make the meaning clear, eg I am saying this when face to face with my parents in Vietnam?

I haven't received any letters from her until now (=now I still haven't received any letters from her) Not necessarily, it's ambiguous.

So do you think in this context "until today, I had been unable to visit /I was unable to visit you" is correct, not until today, I have been unable to visit you ? No, I said that only 'have been ' and 'was' are OK in your context.
I am confused about this .Please explain

Consider this.

I fall down and break my leg at 3.03 pm. I call my friend at 3.04pm. He comes at 3.05pm.
He asks, 'Why did you call me?'
I say 'I have broken my leg'.
I don't say 'I had broken my leg'.

I might possibly say 'I broke my leg'.

Best wishes, Clive
Dear teacher,

However, the context will normally make the meaning clear, eg I am saying this when face to face with my parents in Vietnam?

Yes, I am saying this when face to face with my parents in Vietnam.

So does this sentence has double meaning?:

I have searched for an old friend of mine, but I haven't met him until now/so far .

Does this sentence could mean either "now I have met him already " or " now I still haven't met him"?
Hi,
does this sentence has double meaning?:

Ihave searched for an old friend of mine, but I haven't met him until now/so far .

I wouldn't say it the way you have. It's more natural to use continuous. ie I have been searching for an old friend of mine. . .

I'd also use the verb 'find' rather than 'met'. You search, and then you find.

Does this sentence could mean either "now I have met him already " or " now I still haven't met him"?

'I haven't . . . so far' here indicates 'no success'. So does the phrase 'I have been searching . . . . but'.

'Until now' does not seem like a natural thing to say in your sentence.

Best wishes, Clive

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