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Would anyone explain what the 'such' in this sentence means? I think maybe it means 'like that' or 'great':

They were heartless, tough, even mean in their criticism. The sessions became such arenas of literary criticism that the members of this exclusive club called themselves the "Stranglers."

Also, I read in a grammar book that such is used like 'so', like in this:

She is so pretty.

= She is such a pretty girl. (so = such)

I also read that when 'such' is used before a noun without any adjective between them, it's because the noun has some adjective meaning in itself, like in this:

He is such a fool. (= He is so foolish.)

However, I can't imagine what the such would mean in the sentence above. Would it be 'great' or 'like that'?
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BamtoriThey were heartless, tough, even mean in their criticism. The sessions became such arenas of literary criticism that the members of this exclusive club called themselves the "Stranglers."
The key words in the construction are "such ... that ...". The sessions became arenas of literary criticism to such a degree that the name "Stranglers" was chosen.
Bamtori
Also, I read in a grammar book that such is used like 'so', like in this:

She is so pretty.

= She is such a pretty girl. (so = such)

Right. This means more or less the same as "She is a very pretty girl" (note there is no "that" clause this time).
Bamtori
I also read that when 'such' is used before a noun without any adjective between them, it's because the noun has some adjective meaning in itself, like in this:

He is such a fool. (= He is so foolish.)

"He is such an X" = "He very much has the qualities of an X". X is usually something that has a defining quality that is easy to identify. For example, "She is such a florist" is hard to interpret because we don't really identify florists with a certain type of behaviour.

If you can find a suitable adjective, then you can rewrite such sentences as you've done with your example:

"He is such a pessimist." = "He is so pessimistic."

"He is such a patriot." = "He is so patriotic."

Other times it's not so obvious:

"He is such a loser." = ?
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Mr WordyThe key words in the construction are "such ... that ...". The sessions became arenas of literary criticism to such a degree that the name "Stranglers" was chosen.
Hi, Mr Wordy, i the use of such that the same as d below?

a. He is such a disgrace that...

b. We will learn such interesting information that...

c. The damage was such that we couldn't repair it.

d. They became such critics/bad sports that no one liked them anymore.

Thanks
English 1b3Hi, Mr Wordy, i the use of such that the same as d below?
Yes, I think I understand it the same way: "They became critics/bad sports to such a degree that no one liked them any more". Did you see a different meaning?
Mr WordyYes, I think I understand it the same way: "They became critics/bad sports to such a degree that no one liked them any more". Did you see a different meaning?

Hi,

no, I agree with you.

Thanks for the reply. Emotion: smile
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