Hi, folks!

I´ve recently come across an explanation that sounded odd to me. The explanation was on the use of "going to" for future, and I found it on a English course book for Brazilian students:

" The Immediate Future:

Use the Immediate Future to predict something immediate or something happening in a short time. The prediction is based on what we know, see, or feel while we talk about.

Rule: Verb to be + GOING TO + Verb

Some of the given examples were:

"My friends are going to trael in a few days", My mother is going to prepare me a delicious cake", and "Technology is going to change everyday life pretty soon."

Having read that, I felt extremely confused and decided to google "immediate future". Coincidently or not, all the grammar-related results that came up were from Brazilian websites.

My question: is there such a thing as "the immediate future" as the course book states? Or is this a "Frankenstein" created and perpetuated by Brazilian teachers of English??


Well, I have never seen 'be going to' future referred to formally with that term, and it is not really a very good term because it needn't be so: The world is going to end someday.
It's correct to use 'be going to' to talk about future. It's more appropreate to define it as something going to happen near future. 'My sister is going to marry next month.' He is going to resign from next month. etc are examples.
Site Hint: Check out our list of pronunciation videos.

The differences between the various ways of talking about the future are not always clear-cut, but here is the basic way that I start to appoach this with my class.

immediate future
My plane leaves at 4 pm tomorrow. (sounds like a schedule)

My plane is leaving at 4 pm tomorrow.

planned future
I am going to become a doctor in 10 years' time..
I am going to buy a car tomorrow.
My plane is going to leave at 4 pm tomorrow.

unplanned (spontaneous) future
The phone rings. I jump up and shout to my wife, "I'll anwer it!"

As you can see, this is not the same as what you have been told.

Immediacy is certainly one of the factors that can be associated with "going to"

(Stop playing with those matches! You're going to get burned!),

but there are so many other uses that it seems strange to single out this one occasional use of the expression as the sole representative (in the form of an official name) of the whole range of uses.

I think it's just a desire to have a label for "going to". That a label may be a misnomer hasn't bothered the namers of things since the beginning of time, so this is really no surprise!

See Will/be going to

I like the Brazilian Frankenstein theory!

Emotion: smile


Thanks for your help guys.

Now I see... I think I have enough evidence now to simply ignore that label - nothing better than asking native speakers!

And just to be fair to Brazilian teachers, when I said "... a Frankenstein created and perpetuated by Brazilian teachers of English", I obviously meant "SOME Brazilian teachers of English" !
Students: We have free audio pronunciation exercises.
The "Going to" is used when u are going to do something or any action in nearer future.
for example :
Son : Mom, i am very much hungry. can u cook me something?
Mother : Dont worry, i am going to make a soup for u my sweety!!