1.He ran a long distance.




a long distance=?

Is ran here transitive verb?

2. I run a dog.

here run is as transitive verb. Is it correct.

What is meaning of this sentence?


3. He sleeps.

Can I write

He sleeps a cat.


Someone else will have to help you out with the technical aspects but,

2. I run a dog. We don't run dogs, we only walk them, no matter what speed it happens at. To walk a dog means to take it outside for some exercise.

3. He sleeps like a cat.
For number 2, 'I run a dog' ('I run the dog'), an alternative would be: 'I take the dog for a run'. This means the same as 'I walk the dog'.

'To run a dog' is also a specialised phrase, which would only be used in circumstances such as these:

(a) racing greyhounds, where it means 'to enter in the race', e.g. 'I ran two dogs in the 7.30 at Walthamstow'.

(b) gun-dog trials, where it means 'to enter in the trials', e.g. 'I ran two dogs at Cranbourne last week'.

There may be other sporting uses.

You also have to watch out for phrases such as 'I ran the dog to the vet's', which means 'I took the dog to the vet's in the car'.

('To run a dog' is a transitive use of 'run'; it really means 'to cause to run'.)
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Can any body help me here.

"a long distance" is a special kind of object, but I don't know what the special grammatical name of it is. Maybe someone else knows what it is called.
Would 'a long distance' in this sentence be 'an adverbial noun-phrase of measure'?
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Would it be "the adverbial object"?
In Greek grammar, 'long distance' would be the 'accusative of extent'. In
Latin grammar, it would be the 'accusative of traversed space'.

'Accusative' here = 'object'.

So 'object of extent', perhaps.