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Hi,

One of meanings of toast is:

a person whose health is drunk.

To me above meaning of toast sounds very weird. How can someone drink one's health? So please help me. By the way why do single english word have so many different meanings?
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Yours is not one of the commoner meanings of toast, but I see that it is valid (having had to look it up in the dictionary).

To drink one's health = to drink as a gesture of the wish for one's good health.

English words have a number of meanings so that we can save money on typesetting costs. Actually, I am sure that many languages are characterized by polysemy. Japanese kanji are even pronounced in totally different ways, so that some of my students are unsure of the pronunciation of the the words of their own language.
When you toast someone you drink to wish them good health. It does sound a bit strange when you put it like that.

It normally happens in formal settings. Toasts are proposed and drunk at weddings, for example. Usually eveyone is given a special glass of champagne then someone says 'I'd like to propose a toast to the happy couple. Wishing you both a long and happy life' and then everyone raises their glass up in a little gesture (the toast) and then everyone drinks at the same time.
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Mister MicawberYours is not one of the commoner meanings of toast, but I see that it is valid (having had to look it up in the dictionary).

To drink one's health = to drink as a gesture of the wish for one's good health.

English words have a number of meanings so that we can save money on typesetting costs. Actually, I am sure that many languages are characterized by polysemy. Japanese kanji are even pronounced in totally different ways, so that some of my students are unsure of the pronunciation of the the words of their own language.

It is very common in my background (U.S.)! As Nona explained, it is used at celebrations of a variety of sorts. As an aside, it is generally accepted as custom that the person(s) being "toasted" not take the sip of wine or whatever until all the others have finished, if at all. One does not "drink one's own toast".
This is a another good presentation of toast mentioned in the above:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Toast_%28honor%29

In another direction altogether, one could perhaps say in a very informal way:

His health is toast [SLANG: meaning in very bad shape, finished]
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toast

1. n. Any completely inoperable system or component, esp. one that has
just crashed and burned: "Uh, oh ... I think the serial board is
toast." (This sense went mainstream around 1993.)

http://www.answers.com/topic/toast
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toast (n.) "a call to drink to someone's health," 1700 (but said by Steele, 1709, to date to the reign of Charles II), originally referring to the beautiful or popular woman whose health is proposed and drunk, from the use of spiced toast to flavor drink, the lady regarded as figuratively adding piquancy to the wine in which her health was drunk. The verb meaning "to propose or drink a toast" also is first recorded 1700.
Online Etymological Dictionary
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One of meanings of toast is: a person whose health is drunk.
Philip, do you mean that toast with this definition, i.e. a toast = a person toasted, is very common for you-- as in Good evening, Philip-- I hear that you are tonight's toast! ?
Isn't that the meaning in the expression "The toast of the town"? The person everyone was toasting the health/success of?
Yes, of course, GG-- but that is a fixed phrase, whose meaning has drifted ('a celebrity who receives much acclaim and attention') and whose usage I would still not call very common in my experience. The use of toast to mean the person who is named in a toast I found unusual to the point that I had to confirm that use in the dictionaries-- many of which list the more common personal noun as 'a person in desperate straits; someone doomed' (Draw that revolver and you're toast!)
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