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Hello everybody,

I'm writing an essay relating to the evolution of human society, I mean the development of civilizations, but when I wanted to talk about the global pursuit of developing armament, I couldnot find a word has the opposite meaning of 'evolution'. What I mean is that if we spend money on armament, on wars, on killing people, that would be considered totally opposite to evolution.

Hope you could catch that, thanks in advance.
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Perhaps decline, regression, degradation deterioration, decay, degeneration, backslide?

(Don't take my words for granted, I'm far away from native speaker)
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I think "regression" works well.
Thank you very much for your quick responses, with your answers, another question comes out:

Are the following sentences correct in grammar?

  • The WW II resulted in the global regressions of economy.
  • It was generally considered as a period of regression.
  • The subsequent phenomenon reflects the regression of living standard.


  • Thanks again!
The antonym of 'evolution' is 'devolution'
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  • I would change it to"[no 'the'] World War II resulted in global economic regression [depending on your meaning, "recession" might be a better word choice than "regression" here]."

  • "It was generally considered to be a period of regression."

  • "The subsequent phenomenon reflects the [whether or not you use "the" or "a" depends entirely upon context] regression of living standards."
Thank you all for helping me, I love EnglishForward.
World War II resulted in a global recession.
It was generally considered a period of decline.
The subsequent phenomenon reflects a decline in the standard of living.

PS. I think the opposite of "evolution" could be "stagnation".
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It's involution
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