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What difference between the following sentences in red? Thanks for your help.Emotion: smile

Latin Americans and Asians require less personal space because they are used to congested conditions. People standing on a bus or subway are likely to be pressed against someone else’s sweaty body. This close contact makes Americans and Northern Europeans squirm. Growing up, they’ve been told not to touch strangers.

Latin Americans and Asians require less personal space because they are used to congested conditions. People standing on a bus or subway are likely to be pressed against someone else’s sweaty body. This close contact makes Americans and Northern Europeans squirm. Growing up, they are told not to touch strangers.
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Growing up, they've been told not to touch strangers.
Growing up, they are told not to touch strangers.


There is no difference in intent, Bob. The different verb forms simply indicate the writer's present perspective on the telling. The first has the writer looking into the young Asians' past, while the second views the telling as an ongoing phenomenon.
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Bob20101. Growing up, they’ve been told not to touch strangers. 2. Growing up, they are told not to touch strangers.
1. At some point(s) in time during the years when they grew up, they were told not to touch strangers.
2. During the entire time during the years when they grew up, they were told from time to time not to touch strangers.

You see, there's really no practical difference.

CJ
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Thanks Emotion: wink
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Thanks, CalifJim. Your example is much helpful for me to understand Mister Micawber's explanation.Emotion: smile