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I am going to be teaching this soon and just can't figure out how to explain the difference in uses. As a native speaker I don't think about it.
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AnonymousTo me, "I will" denotes more of a willness to do certain things while "I am going to" suggests a stronger commitment to perform a task.
I have the exact opposite nuance, and it comes from the previous uses of the verb "will" and its associated meanings as a noun.

When I write my will, it is a pretty strong commitment. In fact, it is even legally binding!

God's will (as in "Thy will be done." ) is not willy-nilly either.
AlpheccaStars
AnonymousTo me, "I will" denotes more of a willness to do certain things while "I am going to" suggests a stronger commitment to perform a task.
I have the exact opposite nuance, and it comes from the previous uses of the verb "will" and its associated meanings as a noun.
Tricky business! Tricky business! Emotion: smile

CJ
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GOING TO:plan-intention-prediction based on what we see

WILL:promise-on the spot desition-prediction based on what we think
This is always a bit hard to explain. As a native speaker, I use them intuitively, but exactly why is not obvious Emotion: smile

But I call "going to" the indefinite future tense because it indicates a plan for the future, and we all know that the future is a bit indefinite, no matter how unlikely the plan is to fail.

On the other hand, using 'will' usually indicates a definite situation ... I WILL succeed! So when you use 'will' as the future tense, I call it the definite future tense ... there is something more definite about it ..."I am going to go to Bangkok next week, and I will stay at the Sheraton Hotel". The plan to go to Bangkok is a bit 'iffy' or a bit 'indefinite' because it is in the future, but the intention to stay at the Sheraton Hotel once I am in Bangkok is for sure, it is definite.

Another way to look at it is that my intention to stay at the Sheraton Hotel is, at this moment, definite. I am certain tat, once in Bangkok, I will stay there ... no other plan, no other intention ... so "I will stay at the Sheraton Hotel". Even though it is a future intention, right now there is no doubt about it.

Yes, still a bit unclear, I guess, But it seems to me to be a reasonable explanation.

One last point ... conversationally, most native speakers would say 'I'll" instead of 'I will'. To say 'I will' gives an emphasis to the intention.
No, I am sorry, I can't agree with your in your explanation. The certainty that you indicate is shown by the words "It is" not by "going to". On the other and, the lack of certainty is shown in the words "I think" rather than "will".

So, if I say "I think it is going to rain", the possibility of rain is equally so if I say "I think it will rain". The certainty or otherwise is in your certainty about the possibility.

Then, to say "I am going to repair it" is a statement about the action and intention to repair. It is a plan which remains to be seen if it actually does happen. To say "I will repair it later today" indicates that your current intention of that future event is certain ... as of this moment you are definite in your intention to repair the bicycle.
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Will :
You have taken decision in the present, now to act in the future. e.g O.k I will call her.
Going to:
You had intention of action in the past , for action to be done later e.g : I know she is unwell. I am going to call her.
could you tell me the difference between these two sentences:

we will get married next spring.
we are going to get married next spring.
It's a matter of commitment.
Anonymouswe will get married next spring.
For example, you have set the date, paid for the wedding, invited all your guests, reserved the reception room and the honeymoon trip..
Anonymouswe are going to get married next spring.
You are still planning the wedding.
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could you tell me the difference between these two sentences:

we will get married next spring.
we are going to get married next spring.
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