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"The concept of the enemy is fundamental to the moral assessment of war: ‘The basic aim of a nation at war in establishing an image of the enemy is to distinguish as sharply as possible the act of killing from the act of murder’. However, we need to be cautious about thinking of war and the image of the enemy that informs it in an abstract and uniform way. Rather, both must be seen for the cultural and contingent phenomena that they are."

Q1. Does the meaning of "inform" come to your mind as a native speaker as soon as you read it? It doesn't look like the same "inform" as in, say, "She informed me of her leaving.", right? What is the meaning of it?

Q2. What does "both" refer to here?

Q3. I can't figure out the usage or meaning of "for" in "must be seen for".

Q4. Can you change "contingent" into easier and understandable word here?

Comments  
thanks2Does the meaning of "inform" come to your mind as a native speaker as soon as you read it?

Yes.

thanks2 It doesn't look like the same "inform" as in, say, "She informed me of her leaving.", right?

It is the same word used differently.

thanks2What is the meaning of it?

It owes more to the idea of "forming" than the everyday "inform" does. M-W online will suffice:

"to be the characteristic quality of : animate" ( https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/inform )

thanks2What does "both" refer to here?

It refers to the two things she just mentioned, war and the image of the enemy.

thanks2I can't figure out the usage or meaning of "for" in "must be seen for".

"as being or constituting" ( https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/for )

thanks2 Can you change "contingent" into easier and understandable word here?

It is better to just go ahead and learn the new word. Both are only valid under the circumstances. I am sure she goes on to explain that rather puzzling remark.

Thank you so much, Mr. anonymous Emotion: smile

Your answer is always kind and great. I'm clear now. Thanks:)