+0

Sam stared at him in consternation.


Could you tell me if he was in consternation or Sam was in consternation?

+0
anonymous in consternation

That is an adverbial phrase. It is the manner in which he stared.

+0
anonymous

Sam stared at him in consternation.


Could you tell me if he was in consternation or Sam was in consternation?

Sam was. Or rather, the staring that Sam did was done "in consternation".

CJ