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I read the following paragraph and I don't clearly understand what it means. And I also have some questions about special words. Can anybody help me?
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Specialisation can be seen as a response to the problem of an increasing accumulation of scientific knowledge. By splitting up the subject matter into smaller units, one man could continue to handle the information and use it as the basis for further research. But specialisation was only one of a series of related developments in science affecting the process of communication. Another was the growing professionalisation of scientific activity.
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1. "specialisation was only one of a series of related developments in science affecting the process of communication." ----- Which one is affectiong the process of communication? Is specialisation or science? I don't understand it.
2. What's the difference between specialisation and professionalisation ?
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"specialisation was only one of a series of related developments in science affecting the process of communication."

What this means is that specialisation is one of the things that has affected the process of communication in science (the way scientists communicate).

Without seeing the full context it is impossible for me to tell you what the author means by "professionalisation". A professional, by the most rudimentary meaning of the word, is the opposite of an amateur. A professional scientist conducts research as an occupation. An amateur scientist pursues it as a hobby. In the past, much science was done by amateurs. Now, almost all is done by professionals. There are, however, other ways of interpreting "professionalisation". It could also mean a general improvement in the quality of work being done. Again, I can't give you a precise definition without having read the article myself.

"Specialisation" does have a very distinct meaning. It means narrowing the scope of research in order to pursue a specific topic in great depth. As the body of human knowledge increases, any scientist wishing to make new discoveries must focus on a very specific problem.

I hope this helps.
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"specialisation was only one of a series of related developments in science affecting the process of communication"

Doesn't the sentence mean that specialisation is one of the developments within science that has affected communication in general? I don't see the meaning "communication in science". Am I wrong?

Thank you,

Miriam
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Comments  
Miriam is correct. It could mean communication in general.
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