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This is the question and the answer from my exam practice:


What does the author mean by saying that professors and their admires are" officious in arrogating for them a praise to which they have no claim"?

e)Professors of knowledge and their admirers volunteer unnecessarily to claim without justification praise that is, in fact, unwarranted


1)Why do we have to here? I think if we have unnecessary in lieu of "~ly" here, a to may exist.

2) This sentence use double negative " unneccessarily" and "without" so it makes a positive one. The answer choice of this question is e) (the answer provided above), and from its meaning, it could not be a negative but a positive one. Please help me with this

Thanks in advance
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See if this helps:
<> Professors / volunteer to claim / without justification / praise
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Hi,

This is the question and the answer from my exam practice:



What does the author mean by saying that professors and their admirers are" officious in arrogating for themselves a praise to which they have no claim"?

e)Professors of knowledge and their admirers volunteer unnecessarily to claim without justification praise that is, in fact, unwarranted



1)Why do we have to here? Because you volunteer to do something I think if we have unnecessary in lieu of "~ly" here, a to may exist.

2) This sentence use double negative " unneccessarily" and "without" so it makes a positive one. The answer choice of this question is e) (the answer provided above), and from its meaning, it could not be a negative but a positive one. Please help me with this
I wouldn't say that 'unnecessarily/without' form a double negative here.
Consider 'Tom volunteered unnecessarily to jump without a parachute'.

Best wishes, Clive