Hi teachers !

The passage below is from a book I study nowadays. I firstly do not understand what the author want to say, and most of all I have no idea what the underlined sentence implies.

Please, help me to get what it means.

" Over the past 10,000 years, Homo sapiens has grown so accustomed to being the only human species that it’s hard for us to think of any other possibility.

Our lack of brothers and sisters makes it easier to imagine that we are the best example of creation, and that a chasm separates us from the rest of the animal kingdom.

When Charles Darwin indicated that Homo sapiens was just another kind of animal, people were outraged.

Even today many refuse to believe it.

If the Neanderthals had survived, would we still imagine ourselves to be a creature apart?

Perhaps this is exactly why our ancestors wiped out the Neanderthals.

They were too familiar to ignore, but too different to tolerate."

Many thanks native teachers.


Hi Michelle,

The main idea of the introduction is to raise the question:

Are humans unique or are we just another kind of animal closely related to (but different from) the Neanderthals?

In the sentence underlined the question suggests: maybe the human race killed all of the Neanderthals because we wanted to be superior and survive to rule the world as the most developed and most intelligent species.

I hope I was able to answer you question.