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They regarded excessive personal debt as a sin, views that widely and firmly were held until relatively recently.

I wonder what is "views" referring back to in this sentence and whether this sentence is grammatically correct.

I think "views" referring back to "Regarded excessive personal debt as a sin" without "they".

So, what I want to know is whether "views" includes "they" or not and what it's referring to exactly.

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They regarded excessive personal debt as a sin, This is one view. I think 'views' must refer back to something said earlier in the context. What was the previous sentence, please?

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Clive

They regarded excessive personal debt as a sin, This is one view. I think 'views' must refer back to something said earlier in the context. What was the previous sentence, please?

That seems to be just a grammatical error in the article. So, if "views" is changed to "a view" and "which is" is added, as in " They regarded excessive personal debt as a sin, which is a view that widely and firmly were held until relatively recently", what does "which" refer back to?

" They regarded excessive personal debt as a sin, which is a view that widely and firmly was held until relatively recently". What does "which" refer back to?

which refers to the assertion that excessive personal debt is a sin.

Clive

" They regarded excessive personal debt as a sin, which is a view that widely and firmly was held until relatively recently". What does "which" refer back to?

which refers to the assertion that excessive personal debt is a sin.

Thank you very much Clive.

Then, doesn't "which" refer to the whole clause of "They regarded.....as as sin" ?

Does it refer to the part of the clause of "regarded ... as a sin" ?

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Let's restructure the sentence by replacing 'which' with what it refers to

"They regarded excessive personal debt as a sin is a view that widely and firmly was held until relatively recently". The bold part is not worded as a view.

Excessive personal debt is a sin is a view that widely and firmly was held until relatively recently". The bold part is worded as a view.

Clive

Let's restructure the sentence by replacing 'which' with what it refers to

"They regarded excessive personal debt as a sin is a view that widely and firmly was held until relatively recently". The bold part is not worded as a view.

Excessive personal debt is a sin is a view that widely and firmly was held until relatively recently". The bold part is worded as a view.

Can't we see "Regarding excessive personal debt as a sin" as a view as well?

Now I think you are starting to change the meaning.

Regarding X is not a sin.

X is a sin.

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