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Beethoven's greatest achievements was to raise instrumental music, hitherto inferior to vocal, to the highest plane. During the 18th century, music, being a nonimtative are, was ranked below literature and painting. Its highest manifestations were held to be those in which it had the aid of a text - that is, cantata, opera, and oratorio - the sonata and the suite being relegated to a lower plane. A number of factors combined to bring about a gradual change of outlook: the instrumental prowess of the Mannheim Orchestra, which made possible the development of the shymphony; the reaction on the part of writers against pure rationalism in favor of "feeling"; and the works of Haydn and Mozart. But, above all, it was the example of Beethoven that made possible the late-Romantic dictum of Walter Pater: "All arts aspire to the condition of music."

Q. The word "dictum" in the passage means ________.
a. authoritative pronouncement
b. wise expression
c. common expression
d. philosophical proposition

What do you think?
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The question is, what do you think?
Walter Pater seems to have been quoted as an authority. Does that give you a clue?
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AvangiThe question is, what do you think?

I don't understand exactly your remark, especially "you".
Avangi
Walter Pater seems to have been quoted as an authority. Does that give you a clue?

Your answer to the exercise may be "A"? The answer of the book which includes that question was "A" as well. However, I have thought that "B" is right, and that's why I posted this thread.

The definition of the word "dictum" by Collins Cobuild dictionary is:

1. a saying that describes an aspect of life in an interesting or wise way

2. a formal statement made by someone who has authority.

Another by Dictionary.com is:

1. an authoritative pronouncement; judicial assertion.

2. a saying; maxim.

In your opinion, if "A" is the right answer, would you please explain to me why "B" is not.
As you have ably shown, dictionaries often show more than one use for a given word.

Your instructions are: Q. The word "dictum" in the passage means__.
The operative expression here is "in the passage."
Which of the several definitions you have found best fits the passage?

My understanding of "wise expression" is something that has a broad general application.
The quote "All arts aspire to the condition of music" has a very specific and narrow application.

Regarding your question, "What do you think," I was simply asking you the same question.
It's our general policy not to answer homework questions unless the member has made an attempt to do the work. Of course I had no idea what was in your mind, since you had not suggested an answer.
Avangi
Regarding your question, "What do you think," I was simply asking you the same question.

It's our general policy not to answer homework questions unless the member has made an attempt to do the work. Of course I had no idea what was in your mind, since you had not suggested an answer.

I'm sorry that I didn't that rule. From now, I will add my opinion in posting a thread.

Anyway, I want to say to you "Thanks".
Students: We have free audio pronunciation exercises.
You're very welcome. Emotion: smile