Hello.

I have a fill-in-the-blanks quiz. My answers are bold ones. Are they correct? If not, what would be the right ones? I'd appreciate it if you could tell me why. And as to No (60), I don't have any idea. Could you tell me the right one?

Thanks in advance.

Data graphics visually display measured quantities by means of the combined use of points, lines, coordinate systems, numbers, symbols, words, shading, and color. The use of graphics to show numbers is a (56)( a. currently / b. lately / c. sharply / **d. surprisingly** ) recent invention, (57)( a. and / b. however / **c. largely** / d. that's ) because of the diversity of skills required. It was (58)( **a. not until** / b. only before / c. up to / d. within ) 1750-1800 that statistical graphics were invented, long after such (59)( a. convention / b. hopes / **c. outcome** / d. triumphs ) of mathematical ingenuity as logarithms, calculus, and the basics of probability theory. The (60)( a. remark / b. remarking / c. remarkable / d. remarkably ) William Playfair (1759-1823) developed or improved (61)( a. by / b. for / c. over / **d. upon** ) nearly all the fundamental graphical designs, (62)( a. had been seeking / b. had sought / **c. seeking** / d. sought ) to replace conventional tables of numbers (63)( a. along / b. as / c. to / **d. with** ) the systematic visual representations of his "linear arithmetic."

Modern data graphics can do (64)( a. little / **b. much** / c. several / d. some ) more than simply substitute for small statistical tables. (65)( a. Above / **b. At** / c. In / d. Moreover ) their best, graphics are (66)( a. instrument / b. instrumentalist / c. instrumentally / **d. instruments** ) for reasoning about quantitative information. Often the most effective way to describe, explore, and summarize a set of numbers, (67)( **a. even** / b. perhaps / c. since / d. that ) a very large set, is to look at pictures of those numbers. (68)( a. Although / **b. Furthermore** / c. Genuinely / d. Regardless ) , of all methods for analyzing and communicating statistical information, well-designed graphics are usually the simplest and (69)( a. at / **b. at the same** / c. in / d. most of ) time the most powerful.

Our discussion here focuses on the design of statistical graphics and, as such, it is concerned (70)( **a. both** / b. doubly / c. neither / d. well ) with design and with statistics. But it is also about how to communicate information through the (71)( a. continuous / b. current / c. repetitive / **d. simultaneous** ) presentation of words, numbers, and pictures. The design of statistical graphics is a universal matter - like mathematics - and is not tied to unique features of a particular language. Each year, the world over, somewhere between 900 billion and 2 trillion images of statistical graphics (72)( **a. are printed** / b. are printing / c. have been printed / d. print ). The principles discussed here apply to (73)( a. almost those / **b. most of those** / c. those most / d. the most of those ) graphics. Some of the (74)( a. argument / b. persuasive / c. recommendation / **d. suggested** ) changes introduced here are small, but others are substantial, with (75)( **a. consequences** / b. purposes / c. numbers / d. significances ) for hundreds of billions of printed pages.

56. d. surprisingly (your answer is ok)

57. c. largely (ok)

58. a. not until (ok)

59. d. triumphs (mathematical ingenuity results in triumphs in the field)

60. c. remarkable (The remarkable mathematician, William Playfair, developed...)

61. d. upon (ok)

62. c. seeking (ok)

63. d. with (ok)

64. b. much (ok)

65. b. At (ok)

66. d. instruments (ok)

67. a. even (ok)

68. b. Furthermore (ok)

69. b. at the same (ok)

70. a. both (ok)

71. d. simultaneous (ok)

72 to 75. your answers are all ok

Thank you for answering and correcting.

You really helped me and I am very grateful.

sophianz