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I had to argue with a non-native (though well educated) English speaker as to why this sentence was just wrong.

The sentence is:

"The mountains having surrounded and protected Andong (a city name), many ancient arts and customs have been preserved here, including the Hahoe masks."

The sentence was based off these grammar structure samples:

"The weather being fine, we decided to start for our picnic." "Generally speaking, it is not easy to learn a foreign language."

Help please?

Thank you.
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Comments  (Page 4) 
It needs "has" not "have", but aside from that, the problem seems only semantic. Weather is not viewed as an actor able to chase clouds or embrace cities. You could say "sky spirit" instead! I suppose you might possibly argue that the second clause jars a bit with the sudden introduction of cars, but it would be very picky.

The point being that the original sentence is mainly faulty because the mountains are behaving oddly?
Jon SaltIt needs "has" not "have", but aside from that, the problem seems only semantic. Weather is not viewed as an actor able to chase clouds or embrace cities. You could say "sky spirit" instead! I suppose you might possibly argue that the second clause jars a bit with the sudden introduction of cars, but it would be very picky.

The point being that the original sentence is mainly faulty because the mountains are behaving oddly?
That plural mountains wrapped me too tight!

I sensed something is wrong with mountains too. However, I do not have an acute sense as yours so I used weather to soften up the image to slowly find where the problem lies. I also weakened the second clause using passive voice for the same purpose.

Thanks!
Hoa Thai
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