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Holland and The Netherlands are the names of the country. Dutch is what the people are called.
Quote from Wikipedia

The name Holland is often used, incorrectly, for The Netherlands, especially in other languages. The origin of the misnomer lies in the fact that the region of Holland was the economic powerhouse during the time of the United Provinces (1581-1795). After the Napoleonic era, Holland became a mere province of the Kingdom and was split into North and South Holland in 1840. Some people, especially from the southern provinces Limburg and North Brabant, object to the use of the name Holland for The Netherlands. But to avoid confusion when addressing other nationals, the Dutch themselves often use the name 'Holland'.

The plural "Netherlands" is actually an archaic term, referring to the time when it was a collection of regions that were not yet fully united. In The Netherlands itself the country is called Nederland (literally meaning "low land"), the people are called Nederlanders ("Dutch" in English) and the language is called Nederlands (again, "Dutch" in English); the -s in Nederlands is not a plural ending, but rather is cognate to the English suffix -ish. The English word "Dutch" is akin to the German word Deutsch, which originally meant "(Language) of the (common) people" in contrast with the medieval elite who spoke Latin.
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Holland is not an official name of the Netherlands. Holland is only an alias of the Netherlands.

When Dutch is an noun, it means "the people born or living in the Netherlands" or "the language spoken in the Netherlands".

Is my opinion correct?
Hello Cateran

You are right.

The Netherlands = Country.

Holland = Province.

Dutch = Language.
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A minor detail, but there are 2 provinces in The Netherlands - North Holland and South Holland. These are the most densely populated of all the provinces. Amsterdam and Haarlem are in North Holland, The Hague and Rotterdam are in South Holland.
Holland has long been a "nickname" for the country
As a true Dutchman I can say you're right.

Kind regards,

Martin Groot
Hello all,

Here are my two bits.

Holland is not quite a nickname. Industry and, especially, a brewer of beer Emotion: beerin green bottles have long been promoting the misnomer "Holland" because it saves some time and ink.
They even use it as an adjective: "Holland beer!" [N]
This is clearly wrong, but used very deliberately.

Minor point:
Correct Dutch spelling requires 'Noord-Holland' and 'Zuid-Holland'': the "-" is obligatory.
(I'm not sure about English usage, but might 'North-Holland' and 'South-Holland' make it clearer that one is using official names of provinces?)

Nederlands is genitive. The Netherlands is plural.
There were many Lowlands - that's the translation. What is now Belgium, parts of adjoining France and of now-Germany were part of these loosely named "Low lands."

I want to confirm what was stated earlier: The South feels 'Holland" as an offense. Emotion: angry
The more history-minded among us know that first Gent, Brugge and Damme in Vlaanderen were tops; the French king and all of his knights couldn't put these early republics together again with their kingdom. Later Brussel, Antwerpen and 's Hertogenbosch rose to glory under the Burgundy empire. All were far advanced of swampy Holland.
One can still find the finest examples of Gothic (no, not Emotion: bat !!! ) and Early Renaissance art here. [L] A bit of history, yes?
(missing image)

Nowadays, Noord-Brabant, Netherlands is the industrial centre of gravity for this country and Brabant, Belgium, with Antwerpen are the same for that country.
Going back, Caesar wrote of these areas. Near Leopoldsburg (Belgian Brabant) he suffered one of his great defeats, the loss of fifteen legions. From that same age-old garrison, Napoleon's Grande Armée departed for Russia, in 1941 the SS-divisions for that same fateful destination and in 1944 for Normandy.

In short, not to be too finicky about it ( but just a tad chauvinistic ):

The Netherlands is old.
The Hollands are young upstarts. Emotion: big smile

Hope this helps?

All the best,
VHJM van Neerven, teacher and tutor, Brabander from Austrian stock, now living in Amsterdam, where the provincials still mock me for my Southern pronounciation....
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