In yourcontext, if I read it right, your teacher called you ''ma'am''? In which case, she only did from a humoristic point of view.
Traditionally, madam is for married women while unmarried women are miss.
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If she used it in a humoristic point of view, is that also base on i'm old enough to be called ma'am?
Candice In Canadao~i see.Thank you, it's very useful.I think in any formal situation [teacher~student] it could be used simply to show respect. As a teacher, I often use "ma'am" and "sir" with my high school students in situations where I was responding to a question, but not as "Yes, sir, I will do that".
Anonymousmadam is a lady who runs a whorehouseI believe there are exceptions to that.
After addressing her as "Your Majesty" once, it is correct to address the Queen of the United Kingdom as "Ma'am" (pronounced to rhyme with "ham") for the remainder of a conversation.
In 2009 the European Union issued guidance discouraging the use of "ma'am" when the woman's name is known, but does not indicate how to address a woman when her name is not known.
In the UK, the wife of a holder of a non-British hereditary knighthood such as the German or Austrian Ritter, the Dutch-Belgian Ridder, the French-Belgian Chevalier and the Italian Cavaliere is called Madame. The English male equivalent is Chevalier.
Madam is also used as the equivalent of Mister (Mr) in composed titles, such as Madam Justice, Madam Speaker, Madam President. In the UK, job titles such as President or Prime Minister are not used as titles, as such. By the precedent set by Betty Boothroyd, a female speaker of the house of commons is Madam Speaker or Miss Boothroyd.
However, the title Madam Justice is used in third-person reference: Madam Justice Louise Arbour, Madam Justice Arbour.
In the United States Supreme Court, in the Canada Supreme Court and the superior courts of Australia, rather than adopting the title Madam Justice for female justices, the title Mrs. Justice was replaced simply by Justice. Likewise, female presidents of the Republic of Ireland have preferred to be addressed simply as President in direct address, rather than Madam President, although Mr. President is in use in the U.S. with there being no claims of discrimination. Female judges of the High Court of Justice of England and Wales are titled Mrs. Justice rather than Madam Justice, regardless of marital status. However, District Judges are referred to as either Madam or Ma'am.
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