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Hi!

I've never figured out what's the difference between it and that in such a (or similar) context:

"When she saw it, she yelled".

"When she saw that, she yelled".


Perhaps, there's no real difference between them?

Thank you!

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HotmalePerhaps, there's no real difference between them?

Very often, yes, because, like 'it', 'that' can refer back to a specific thing.

A gigantic insect landed on her leg. When she saw [it / that], she yelled.
'it' = 'the insect'; 'that' = 'that insect'.


But 'that' can refer back to an entire situation more easily than 'it' can.

At a family gathering, an argument got out of hand, and her sister slapped one of the guests. When she saw [it / that], she yelled.
(There is no specific thing that 'it' can refer to. 'that' = the whole situation of one person slapping another.)

CJ

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I didn't know it. Thank you for your answer.

How about "this"? How does "this" fit in it?

Is it correct to say: At a family gathering, an argument got out of hand, and her sister slapped one of the guests. When she saw this, she yelled?

Hotmale

I didn't know it. Thank you for your answer.

How about "this"? How does "this" fit in it?

Is it correct to say: At a family gathering, an argument got out of hand, and her sister slapped one of the guests. When she saw this, she yelled?

'this' is like 'that', but we don't use it much in this kind of context. It seems too formal and academic — something a professor might say.

From a philosophical discussion:

Hayek saw this, and rejected Mises' strict methodological a priori individualism.

CJ

I see. Thank you for the explanation Emotion: smile

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