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Officials at the government service where Mr. Spardlin works have begun an educational campain that sends educational materials to marinas, schools and fairs in costal areas where people and dolphins interact.

About the 'where' in red, which does it refer to; the fairs olny, or the entire series of places in front of it (i.e. marinas, schools and fairs)?

Plus, about 'in costal areas', which does it refer to; the fairs only, or the entire series of places in front of it (i.e. marinas, schools and fairs)?

In my opinion, in costal areas refers to the fairs only and the 'where' refers to the fairs in costal areas, but my book says both refer to the entire series of places in front...
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to marinas, schools and fairs in costal areas where people and dolphins interact.

IMO, this is an example of noun apposition
schools and fairs in costal areas where people and dolphins interact extends the meaning of marinas

schools and fairs in costal areas -- it could be schools + fairs in coastal areas
or
(schools and fairs) in costal areas
Probably the case in hand is the latter version

Taka, merry Christmas.
And one more thing: please do not just go past people's opinion if they comment on the matter you propose, even if you regard those comments bum steers or useless. At the end of the day, they try to help you and this is what counts.
It gives a whole new dimension
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What has been long bothering me here is that people prefer to appreciate only those comments they find useful (or not even those ones).
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Inchoateknowledge to marinas, schools and fairs in costal areas where people and dolphins interact.

IMO, this is an example of noun apposition
schools and fairs in costal areas where people and dolphins interact extends the meaning of marinas

It can't be.

marina=noun: a fancy dock for small yachts and cabin cruisers
fair=noun: a traveling show; having sideshows and rides and games of skill etc.
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never mind, Taka, the interaction part.
http://dictionary.cambridge.org/define.asp?key=48825&dict=CALD
IMO, it can
Hi Taka

Here is my input:

1. A few spelling corrections are needed:
- campaign
- coastal

2. The definitions you've found for marina and fair are much too limited. Not all marinas are located in coastal areas (a relatively small, inland lake might also have a marina, for example,but it is unlikely that there would be any dolphins there) and not all fairs are the type described in your definition.

3. In my opinion, your book is absolutely right and the sentence means schools in coastal areas, marinas in coastal areas, and fairs in coastal areas. It is generally in coastal areas that people and dolphins are most likely to interact. The sentence limits all three nouns because none of them would be found exclusively in coastal areas.

You're welcome and happy holidays.
I just wonder what kind of schools it would be where people and dolphins interact...and I thought the word 'people', not 'students', was strange if it referred to schools....

(Sorry about the typos, by the way)
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Yankee It is generally in coastal areas that people and dolphins are most likely to interact.
Some people live in coastal areas, some people work in coastal areas, some people go to school in coastal areas, etc. All students are people, but not all of the people at marinas, for example, are students. To me, the sentence indicates that the government has focused its campaign on providing information to various different people in coastal areas by making it available at schools, marinas and fairs.
The last (anonymous) post was from me. I forgot to sign in before posting. Emotion: embarrassed
I thought the default understanding of 'marina' was the place where you needed to know the danger of water accidents, and that of 'school' the place which supported enlightenment activities, or more simply, education.

So the sentence, it seemed, still made sense without the 'in costal areas where people and dolphins interact' part.

i.e. Officials at the government service where Mr. Spardlin works have begun an educational campain that sends educational materials to marinas and schools.

However, the sentence wouldn't make sense without that part for 'fairs'.

i.e. Officials at the government service where Mr. Spardlin works have begun an educational campain that sends educational materials to fairs. (??)

So I thought the 'in costal areas where...' part was required only for 'fairs'.
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