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The coding scheme is a Standard which tells the user's machine which character represents which set of bytes.
I saw the above at geeksforgeeks.org.
Please explain the grammatical form and function of both "which" in "a standard which tells..." and "which character....bytes".

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Jigneshbharatiwhich tells

Here 'which' is a relative pronoun.

Jigneshbharatiwhich character

Here 'which' is an interrogative adjective.

Jigneshbharatiwhich set

Another interrogative adjective.

CJ

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Jigneshbharati

The coding scheme is a Standard which tells the user's machine which character represents which set of bytes.
I saw the above at geeksforgeeks.org.
Please explain the grammatical form and function of both "which" in "a standard which tells..." and "which character....bytes".

I see what he means, but he got it backwards, if you ask me. The bytes represent characters.

You want to make a table showing each character beside its corresponding code. Which character are you entering in the table now? And which code goes with it?

 CalifJim's reply was promoted to an answer.