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Can I say,

(i) He uses an umbrella while / when raining.

(ii) He uses an umbrella when / while it is raining.

(iii) He uses the umbrella because it is raining.

(iv) She opened the umbrella because it was raining.
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Comments  
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You can use:

(ii) He uses an umbrella when / while it is raining.

(iii) He uses the umbrella because it is raining.

(iv) She opened the umbrella because it was raining.
Hello,

Wouldn't it be possible to say:

He uses an umbrella when it rains? (meaning that he does so whenever it rains) This sentence would mach (ii) above in meaning?

He is using the umbrella because it is raining . This sentence would mach (iii) above in meaning?

Thank you,

Rui.
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Wouldn't it be possible to say:
He uses an umbrella when it rains? (meaning that he does so whenever it rains) This sentence would match (ii) above in meaning?

He is using the umbrella because it is raining . This sentence would match (iii) above in meaning?
Yes to both.
Thanks. Can I say,

(a) She is carrying the umbrella because it is raining now.

(b) She is taking umbrella while it is raining.

(c) She is carrying the umbrella because it is raining.
(a) She is carrying the umbrella because it is raining now. - using the umbrella would make more sense. Carrying the umbrella simply means that she has it with her, it may not be opened. However, if she was, say, in a train, then it is fine as it is.

(b) She is taking the umbrella while it is raining. - strange thing to say.

(c) She is carrying the umbrella because it is raining. - same comment as (a).
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why do you say:

(b) She is taking the umbrella while it is raining. - strange thing to say.

why? "taking is wrong word here? What does it mean here?
Hi.

Taking is the correct word here. There is nothing wrong with the sentence.

It just sounds a bit of a strange sentence to me. Normally people take an umbrella with them in case of rain. Your sentence implies that she only takes an umbrella while it is raining.

Also, consider using an rather than the umbrella in your sentences.
Can it be said "Open your umbrella and hold it over your head." or "and hold it up" is enough?
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