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Dear teachers,
I don't understand why "DID" is used in the following , So could you possibly help me understand it?:

Gaza strip did not just supply Hamaswith arms, but brought in fuel, flour and baby-milk.

If I were asked to write, I would write:
Gaza strip not just/only supplied Hamas with arms, but brought in fuel, flour and baby-milk.

I'm confused now.

Thank you in advance
Comments  
Hi van,

I think "not only - - - but also" is a special case. We may skip the "did." With "just" I don't believe we get the same pass, although you hear people do it.

Normally, the helping verb "to do" is needed in negative statements and in questions, and may be optionally used for emphasis in positive statements.

Did he go?
Didn't he go?
He didn't go.
He went.
He did go.

"Gaza strip not only supplied arms but also brought fuel" is fine.

"Gaza strip did not just supply arms. They brought fuel" is fine. "Gaza strip not just supplied arms. They brought fuel." With "just" it's a grey area. You may hear it used, but it's not recommended.

Happy New Year!

- A.
Hi, I think the sentence structure with what I think is an auxiliary verb "did" was used for emphasis.

Look at this:

Jim did not just gave money to help, but also provided housing to them.
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Gaza strip not just/ only supplied Hamas with arms, but brought in fuel, flour and baby-milk.

You can use that structure with only, but not with just.

These are OK:

They not only tried, but they succeeded.
They did not only try, but they succeeded.
Not only did they try, but they succeeded.

They did not just try, but they succeeded.

These are wrong:

*They not just tried, but they succeeded.
*Not just did they try, but they succeeded.

CJ
Thank you Avangi very much.

Happy New Year !
Hi,
I think my correctional effort is wrong in that I used 'just' instead of 'only':
I wrote this as an example sentence in my response:

Jim did not just gave money to help, but also provided housing to them.

I think it should be:

Jim did not only gave money to help, but also provided housing to them.

I think this sentence with the word 'only' is correct.

Jim did not just gave money to help, but also attached some conditions for their use of money.
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Anonymous Jim did not just gave money to help, but also provided housing to them.
I must respectfully disagree. "Jim just gave money to help" is simple past. If you put the "did" into the positive sentence for emphasis (he didn't have ulterior motives - he was being altruistic) it goes: "Jim did just give the money to help" Notice that we switch "gave" from simple past to bare infinitive "give."

Jim not just gave money to help. Jim did not just give money to help. Since the second version is the correct one, and the one which native speakers are accustomed to hearing, the "did" cannot add anything by way of emphasis, because there's nothing special or unusual about it.

Hmmm - I didn't explain that well at all.

- A.
Hi. Avangi. I think you are right. I think this sentence pattern is correct.

Not only did he give money, he provided housing too.