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Hi

Would you say that all the red words are synonymous and equally natural in everyday English?

The plants were wilting in the heat.

The plants were drooping in the heat.

The plants were withering in the heat.

The plants were shriveling in the heat.

Thanks,

Tom

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As you probably know, they all mean the plants were short of water.

#1 and #2 (if you had helpfully numbered them) are far more common than 3 and 4.

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Mr. TomThe plants were wilting in the heat.

Most common. The first signs of stress due to dry conditions or over-watering.

Mr. TomThe plants were drooping in the heat.

Used mostly for cut flowers in a vase; sometimes used for plants whose stems are not rigid.

Mr. TomThe plants were withering in the heat.

Usually used for crops that are past the wilting stage and are dying from lack of water. Immediate rain may work to restore them.

Mr. TomThe plants were shriveling in the heat.

The leaves have turned brown. It is not likely that rain will revive the plants..