The sentence is , " With its new range of portable and robust wind-up medical devices , Freeplay aims to revolutionise health care in the developing world. "

I have checked the dictionary . When it is " wind-up " , it is used as a singular noun ( according to the dictionary ) . When used as a verb , wind up means to deceive or annoy someone .
I don't understand what does wind-up mean in that sentence .
Hi nayeem,

This is what you are looking for i think. From:


wind (TURN) verb wound, wound

1 to turn or cause something to turn:

She wound the handle but nothing happened.
Once she'd got into the car, she wound the window down/up (= caused it to open/close by turning a handle).
UK Does this camera wind on (= does the film in it move forward) automatically?
That noise you can hear is the tape winding back.

See also rewind.

2 [T] (ALSO wind up) If you wind (up) a clock or watch, you cause it to work by turning a key, handle or other device.
"Engineers at Freeplay have redesigned four pieces of medical equipment, routinely used in developed countries, to better suit developing ones. The first is a pulse oximeter to measure levels of oxygen in the blood.... Second is a syringe driver for delivering small amounts of fluid and drugs in tightly timed doses to babies with diarrhoea and other complaints.

A third device is a microcentrifuge, which takes small samples of blood and spins them at 4, 000 revolutions per minute to separate the cells and fluid that make up blood.... The final life saver is a hand-held fetal heart monitor that uses ultrasound to keep tabs on how babies are doing in the womb, which is critical to the health of both mother and child.

All these devices get round the need for mains electricity or batteries by using a handcrank, foot pedal or solar panel to generate energy, which can then power the machines directly or be stored in internal batteries for future use. "

Like wind-up toys, the medical devices are wound up with a manual or other simple device. 'Wind-up' is an adjective here.
Teachers: We supply a list of EFL job vacancies
Emotion: embarrassed

In the following sentence, what's the meaning of wind up? Does anyone please explain?



Athletes, in particular, make a great deal of money at a very young age.

Too often, some manager squanders the athlete's fortune and they wind up in their thirties with nothing left but their past glory - and are forced to get jobs just to survive.'


I guess it's got a meaning of 'leave themselves' or 'finish'. If so, can you use them instead here (e.g. they leave their thirties with ...blah)?

By the way, in a dictionary, it's got a meaning of 'to bring or come to an end; conclude'.

Thanks in advance.
In that context, wind up = end up = turn out this way in the end.

Stop reading in the dark or you'll wind up with eye strain.

So many child stars wind up in rehab.

These athletes end up with no money from their incredible earnings.
Students: We have free audio pronunciation exercises.
Thanks, Mr. Grammar Geek!

That's is very clear explanation!

Sometimes, some words (e.g. fantastic = very good = excellent ) are interchangeable, but you are still not sure.

It's great to have such great teachers at this such a great Englishforum site!

Happy New Years, and wish you all the best and luck!
Hello victorycountry,

We're glad you're finding the forums helpful, and happy new year to you too. You can call me Barbara, but if you do prefer to use a title, use Mrs. Emotion: smile