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Could anyone provide the official term which detremines a glass panel located on a car's rear side?

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In American English: windshield (front), rear window (back). The words for parts of a car can be quite different between American and British English. e.g.

Bonnet / boot = Hood / trunk

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Rear screen

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Names I hear used sometimes:

  • Rear window
  • Back window
  • Back glass (colloquial)

Seems to me that a window should not be used in this case, because this kind of glass panel cannot be open so to let the air to flow. The 'window' is defined as a closure that allows light and air to come in.

lukand

Seems to me that a window should not be used in this case, because this kind of glass panel cannot be open so to let the air to flow. The 'window' is defined as a closure that allows light and air to come in.

Window denotes an opening that lets light in. Ventilation isn't necessarily required for it to be called a window. It's perfectly possible to have windows that aren't designed to open. They are common in commercial buildings, and are sometimes found in homes too, though here in the US most rooms in houses are required to have at least one window that can be opened. Right now I'm sitting next to a small window that doesn't open, but lets light into the alcove where my desk is located. The main part of the room has windows that can be opened for ventilation.

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The Oxford dictionary clearly states that a window must allow to let both light and air come in (not 'or' but 'and'). From this perspective not every glass panel installed in an opening can be called window.

https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/definition/english/window?q=window

Please go back and read the whole definition in Oxford Learner's Dictionary. Do you suppose that the rear window he saw her through was one that opened?

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