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Hello friends!

What is the difference between these two sentences? Are they both correct?

1. I wish he stopped smoking. Does this refer to a present action? meaning he's smoking now.

2. I wish he would stop smoking. Does this refer to a general or future action?

Thank You!

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mango paint 9541. I wish he stopped smoking.

This isn't correct. This tense pattern applies to continuous or repeated actions or states; for example, "I wish he smoked" would be OK. It does not work with "stopped smoking" because that is a single discrete action.

mango paint 9542. I wish he would stop smoking.

This is correct. It implies that presently he smokes, so the wish is that he stops now or in the future (usually implied to be the near future).

Comments  
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Thank you. I really appreciate your answer. I am still confused when using "wish".

For actions in the past, I should use grammar construction, for example, I wish I had asked it in a more polite way.

I can't understand when to use "wish" + past simple tense and "wish"+ would/could + a verb in the infinitive form.

Is there any difference when using "wish" about ourselves and other people?

I wish I had more time to finish the report (now).

I wish I would/could answer all the questions in the interview (future).

I wish she spent more time with her family (present)- I am not sure if it works.

I noticed when speaking about other people even if it's about now or future only "wish" + would/could+a verb is correct.

Thank You!

mango paint 954Thank you. I really appreciate your answer. I am still confused when using "wish".

Since it is rather a lot of work to go through all cases of "wish", and since I would only be repeating what others have already done, may I in the first instance refer you to various web pages that cover this topic, such as:

https://www.perfect-english-grammar.com/wish.html

https://www.eslbase.com/grammar/wish

https://7esl.com/use-wish-in-english-i-wish-if-only/

Please get back to me if there is anything you are still unclear about.

I've read the explanations for using "wish" on the websites you've mentioned. I've made up these sentences myself. Are they correct?

I wish I had more time to finish the report.

I hope that I answer all the questions in the interview next month.

I wish she would spend more time with her family.

I wish I could come earlier tonight but I have to work late.

Thank You!

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mango paint 954I wish I had more time to finish the report.
I hope that I answer all the questions in the interview next month.
I wish she would spend more time with her family.
I wish I could come earlier tonight but I have to work late.

These are all fine.

In the second sentence, we might rather expect "I hope (that) I can answer ...", but this is an issue of what you want to say, rather than a right or wrong usage of "hope" per se.