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Akimbo followed John back to the truck, his mind seething with excitement. He wondered if the mother would be one of the massive crocodiles he had seen basking on the sandbank down river. It would be easy enough to tag the baby ...
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I read the above in Akimbo adventures.
I learned that the preposition shows different types of relationship such as direction, place, time etc. What kind of relationship does the preposition "with" show in "his mind seething with excitement"? Which sense of the "with" is used here?
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See this dictionary entry.


https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/with?q=with_1

B2 because of or caused by someone or something:
He winced with pain.
I was trembling with fear.
She's been at home with a bad cold for the past week.
I can't work with all that noise going on.
Hopes were dashed in the war-torn capital with the news that no aid would be arriving that week.
With exams approaching, it's a good idea to review your class notes.
(What) with all the excitement and confusion, I forgot to say goodbye to her.

She went crimson with embarrassment.
Her face crumpled with laughter.
The car was forced to retire from the race with a damaged gearbox.
Eventually, the metal buckled with the pressure that was being exerted against it.

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JigneshbharatiWhich sense of the "with" is used here?

"used as a function word to indicate the means, cause, agent, or instrumentality - pale with anger"

https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/with

Thank you! How do we know whether seething requires a preposition or not?

I know it's not grammatical if we remove with from the original but what would sentence mean in terms of "seething" and "excitement"?

His mind seething excitement Vs his mind seething with excitement

JigneshbharatiHis mind seething excitement

That is not possible because "to seethe" is intransitive.

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How do we confirm that the meaning of seething is intransitive always? I get confused when the same word can be transitive or intransitive? Is there a tip to decide? I learned that transitive verbs transfer the action to some object.

Thank you so much for your help!

JigneshbharatiHow do we confirm that the meaning of seething is intransitive always?

Any dictionary will tell you. I myself looked up "seethe" before I posted to make sure. Too often there are cases I hadn't thought of, and actually, "seethe" used to have a transitive use in the distant past, but that is now archaic.

Jigneshbharati if we remove with from the original but what would sentence mean in terms of "seething" and "excitement"?

Ungrammatical sentences are usually devoid of meaning. Even some perfectly grammatical sentences are meaningless.

To find collocations of verbs + prepositions, consider the examples in the dictionary entry.

Seethe is intransitive. It can be used alone:

By the end of the meeting, she was seething.

or followed by the prepositional phrase using "with"

By the end of the meeting, she was seething with frustration and anger.

https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/seethe?q=seethe_1

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