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Hello, everyone,

While I have a single sentence quoted from Longman dictionary - “She was accused of withholding vital information from the police.”, which interpretation is correct in following two?;

1. She was accused of holding back vital information which was received from the police.
(= She was accused of refusing to give someone vital information which was received from the police.)

2. She was accused of holding back vital information against the police.
(= she tried to keep vital information against the police.)
(= she tried not to deliver vital information to the police.)

I think no.1 will be correct and the function of “from“ in ‘withholding something from someone’ is different from the ”from“ of following patterns – ‘stop, keep, prohibit ~ from ~ing’.

Would hope to hear from you,

Best RGDS,

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She had some important information.

The police asked her for it.

She refused to give it to them.

The police got a subpoena or search warrant to get it..

She still refused to comply.

She was accused of that offense.

+1

Neither of your interpretations is correct.

deepcosmosthe function of “from“ in ‘withholding something from someone’ is different from the ”from“ of following patterns – ‘stop, keep, prohibit ~ from ~ing’.

No. It's the same basic idea. Withholding something from someone is stopping them (preventing them) from having that thing. Or you could say it's not giving something to someone, especially when you should.

The police needed that information, but she did not tell them. She kept that information from them. She withheld that information from them.


Sometimes the government withholds information from the public.
(The government does not give this information to the public.)

According to the law, employers must withhold money for taxes from your paycheck.
(They do not give you the money. The money goes to the goverment.)

The people threatened to withhold their support from any candidate who disagreed with the mayor.
(They were not going to give their support to such candidates.)

CJ

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Comments  
AlpheccaStars

She refused to give it to them.


She was accused of that offense.

Hello, AlpheccaStars,

Appreciate your explanation. However, I still can't understand the usage of 'from'. Can I in ease replace the 'from' into 'to, against, off' in 'withholding vital information from the police' (not giving it to the police)?

If not, would you kindly explain the usage of 'from' with easy words?

Best RGDS,

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CalifJim

Neither of your interpretations is correct.

deepcosmosthe function of “from“ in ‘withholding something from someone’ is different from the ”from“ of following patterns – ‘stop, keep, prohibit ~ from ~ing’.

No. It's the same basic idea. Withholding something from someone is stopping them (preventing them) from having that thing. Or you could say it's not giving something to someone, especially when you should.

The police needed that information, but she did not tell them. She kept that information from them. She withheld that information from them.


Sometimes the government withholds information from the public.
(The government does not give this information to the public.)
According to the law, employers must withhold money for taxes from your paycheck.
(They do not give you the money. The money goes to the goverment.)
The people threatened to withhold their support from any candidate who disagreed with the mayor.
(They were not going to give their support to such candidates.)

CJ

Hello, CJ,

Really appreciate your explanation with fully noted.

Best RGDS,